Topic 4 Difference between multiculturalism and interculturalism

Multiculturalism refers to the existence of several cultures living together in the same geographical or social space, but without involving influence or exchange between them, without contact with the local community. It does not advocate the assimilation of customs alien to one’s own culture, which can lead to conflict. For example, a student body coming from different countries or regions, which only interacts with those who share this distinctive element, both inside and outside the classroom.

Interculturality, however, advocates the coexistence of different cultures in the same space and, furthermore, it is committed to interaction between them without the supremacy of any cultural group. Interculturality is based on values such as respect for diversity, the growth of each group and integration. It also relies on dialogue for the resolution of possible conflicts that may arise. For example, a classroom where students from different geographical origins interact with each other on an equal footing, both inside and outside the classroom.